blob: a998e8d36c85c2f0f33d1a60d8fc166f2ac510e5 [file] [log] [blame]
/* Common header file that is included by all of QEMU.
* This file is supposed to be included only by .c files. No header file should
* depend on qemu-common.h, as this would easily lead to circular header
* dependencies.
* If a header file uses a definition from qemu-common.h, that definition
* must be moved to a separate header file, and the header that uses it
* must include that header.
#include "qemu/compiler.h"
#include "config-host.h"
#include "qemu/typedefs.h"
#if defined(__arm__) || defined(__sparc__) || defined(__mips__) || defined(__hppa__) || defined(__ia64__)
#define TFR(expr) do { if ((expr) != -1) break; } while (errno == EINTR)
/* we put basic includes here to avoid repeating them in device drivers */
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdarg.h>
#include <stdbool.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <strings.h>
#include <inttypes.h>
#include <limits.h>
#include <time.h>
#include <ctype.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>
#include <sys/time.h>
#include <assert.h>
#include <signal.h>
#include "glib-compat.h"
#ifdef _WIN32
#include "sysemu/os-win32.h"
#include "sysemu/os-posix.h"
#define O_LARGEFILE 0
#ifndef O_BINARY
#define O_BINARY 0
#if !defined(ENOTSUP)
#define ENOTSUP 4096
#if !defined(ECANCELED)
#define ECANCELED 4097
#if !defined(EMEDIUMTYPE)
#define EMEDIUMTYPE 4098
#ifndef TIME_MAX
/* HOST_LONG_BITS is the size of a native pointer in bits. */
# define HOST_LONG_BITS 32
# define HOST_LONG_BITS 64
# error Unknown pointer size
typedef int (*fprintf_function)(FILE *f, const char *fmt, ...)
#ifdef _WIN32
#define fsync _commit
#if !defined(lseek)
# define lseek _lseeki64
int qemu_ftruncate64(int, int64_t);
#if !defined(ftruncate)
# define ftruncate qemu_ftruncate64
static inline char *realpath(const char *path, char *resolved_path)
_fullpath(resolved_path, path, _MAX_PATH);
return resolved_path;
/* icount */
void configure_icount(const char *option);
extern int use_icount;
#include "qemu/osdep.h"
#include "qemu/bswap.h"
/* FIXME: Remove NEED_CPU_H. */
#ifdef NEED_CPU_H
#include "cpu.h"
#endif /* !defined(NEED_CPU_H) */
/* main function, renamed */
#if defined(CONFIG_COCOA)
int qemu_main(int argc, char **argv, char **envp);
void qemu_get_timedate(struct tm *tm, int offset);
int qemu_timedate_diff(struct tm *tm);
#if !GLIB_CHECK_VERSION(2, 20, 0)
* Glib before 2.20.0 doesn't implement g_poll, so wrap it to compile properly
* on older systems.
static inline gint g_poll(GPollFD *fds, guint nfds, gint timeout)
GMainContext *ctx = g_main_context_default();
return g_main_context_get_poll_func(ctx)(fds, nfds, timeout);
* is_help_option:
* @s: string to test
* Check whether @s is one of the standard strings which indicate
* that the user is asking for a list of the valid values for a
* command option like -cpu or -M. The current accepted strings
* are 'help' and '?'. '?' is deprecated (it is a shell wildcard
* which makes it annoying to use in a reliable way) but provided
* for backwards compatibility.
* Returns: true if @s is a request for a list.
static inline bool is_help_option(const char *s)
return !strcmp(s, "?") || !strcmp(s, "help");
/* cutils.c */
void pstrcpy(char *buf, int buf_size, const char *str);
void strpadcpy(char *buf, int buf_size, const char *str, char pad);
char *pstrcat(char *buf, int buf_size, const char *s);
int strstart(const char *str, const char *val, const char **ptr);
int stristart(const char *str, const char *val, const char **ptr);
int qemu_strnlen(const char *s, int max_len);
char *qemu_strsep(char **input, const char *delim);
time_t mktimegm(struct tm *tm);
int qemu_fls(int i);
int qemu_fdatasync(int fd);
int fcntl_setfl(int fd, int flag);
int qemu_parse_fd(const char *param);
int parse_uint(const char *s, unsigned long long *value, char **endptr,
int base);
int parse_uint_full(const char *s, unsigned long long *value, int base);
* strtosz() suffixes used to specify the default treatment of an
* argument passed to strtosz() without an explicit suffix.
* These should be defined using upper case characters in the range
* A-Z, as strtosz() will use qemu_toupper() on the given argument
* prior to comparison.
int64_t strtosz(const char *nptr, char **end);
int64_t strtosz_suffix(const char *nptr, char **end, const char default_suffix);
int64_t strtosz_suffix_unit(const char *nptr, char **end,
const char default_suffix, int64_t unit);
/* used to print char* safely */
#define STR_OR_NULL(str) ((str) ? (str) : "null")
/* path.c */
void init_paths(const char *prefix);
const char *path(const char *pathname);
#define qemu_isalnum(c) isalnum((unsigned char)(c))
#define qemu_isalpha(c) isalpha((unsigned char)(c))
#define qemu_iscntrl(c) iscntrl((unsigned char)(c))
#define qemu_isdigit(c) isdigit((unsigned char)(c))
#define qemu_isgraph(c) isgraph((unsigned char)(c))
#define qemu_islower(c) islower((unsigned char)(c))
#define qemu_isprint(c) isprint((unsigned char)(c))
#define qemu_ispunct(c) ispunct((unsigned char)(c))
#define qemu_isspace(c) isspace((unsigned char)(c))
#define qemu_isupper(c) isupper((unsigned char)(c))
#define qemu_isxdigit(c) isxdigit((unsigned char)(c))
#define qemu_tolower(c) tolower((unsigned char)(c))
#define qemu_toupper(c) toupper((unsigned char)(c))
#define qemu_isascii(c) isascii((unsigned char)(c))
#define qemu_toascii(c) toascii((unsigned char)(c))
void *qemu_oom_check(void *ptr);
ssize_t qemu_write_full(int fd, const void *buf, size_t count)
ssize_t qemu_send_full(int fd, const void *buf, size_t count, int flags)
ssize_t qemu_recv_full(int fd, void *buf, size_t count, int flags)
#ifndef _WIN32
int qemu_pipe(int pipefd[2]);
/* like openpty() but also makes it raw; return master fd */
int qemu_openpty_raw(int *aslave, char *pty_name);
#ifdef _WIN32
/* MinGW needs type casts for the 'buf' and 'optval' arguments. */
#define qemu_getsockopt(sockfd, level, optname, optval, optlen) \
getsockopt(sockfd, level, optname, (void *)optval, optlen)
#define qemu_setsockopt(sockfd, level, optname, optval, optlen) \
setsockopt(sockfd, level, optname, (const void *)optval, optlen)
#define qemu_recv(sockfd, buf, len, flags) recv(sockfd, (void *)buf, len, flags)
#define qemu_sendto(sockfd, buf, len, flags, destaddr, addrlen) \
sendto(sockfd, (const void *)buf, len, flags, destaddr, addrlen)
#define qemu_getsockopt(sockfd, level, optname, optval, optlen) \
getsockopt(sockfd, level, optname, optval, optlen)
#define qemu_setsockopt(sockfd, level, optname, optval, optlen) \
setsockopt(sockfd, level, optname, optval, optlen)
#define qemu_recv(sockfd, buf, len, flags) recv(sockfd, buf, len, flags)
#define qemu_sendto(sockfd, buf, len, flags, destaddr, addrlen) \
sendto(sockfd, buf, len, flags, destaddr, addrlen)
/* Error handling. */
void QEMU_NORETURN hw_error(const char *fmt, ...) GCC_FMT_ATTR(1, 2);
struct ParallelIOArg {
void *buffer;
int count;
typedef int (*DMA_transfer_handler) (void *opaque, int nchan, int pos, int size);
typedef uint64_t pcibus_t;
typedef struct PCIHostDeviceAddress {
unsigned int domain;
unsigned int bus;
unsigned int slot;
unsigned int function;
} PCIHostDeviceAddress;
void tcg_exec_init(unsigned long tb_size);
bool tcg_enabled(void);
void cpu_exec_init_all(void);
/* CPU save/load. */
void cpu_save(QEMUFile *f, void *opaque);
int cpu_load(QEMUFile *f, void *opaque, int version_id);
/* Unblock cpu */
void qemu_cpu_kick_self(void);
/* work queue */
struct qemu_work_item {
struct qemu_work_item *next;
void (*func)(void *data);
void *data;
int done;
bool free;
* Sends a (part of) iovec down a socket, yielding when the socket is full, or
* Receives data into a (part of) iovec from a socket,
* yielding when there is no data in the socket.
* The same interface as qemu_sendv_recvv(), with added yielding.
* XXX should mark these as coroutine_fn
ssize_t qemu_co_sendv_recvv(int sockfd, struct iovec *iov, unsigned iov_cnt,
size_t offset, size_t bytes, bool do_send);
#define qemu_co_recvv(sockfd, iov, iov_cnt, offset, bytes) \
qemu_co_sendv_recvv(sockfd, iov, iov_cnt, offset, bytes, false)
#define qemu_co_sendv(sockfd, iov, iov_cnt, offset, bytes) \
qemu_co_sendv_recvv(sockfd, iov, iov_cnt, offset, bytes, true)
* The same as above, but with just a single buffer
ssize_t qemu_co_send_recv(int sockfd, void *buf, size_t bytes, bool do_send);
#define qemu_co_recv(sockfd, buf, bytes) \
qemu_co_send_recv(sockfd, buf, bytes, false)
#define qemu_co_send(sockfd, buf, bytes) \
qemu_co_send_recv(sockfd, buf, bytes, true)
typedef struct QEMUIOVector {
struct iovec *iov;
int niov;
int nalloc;
size_t size;
} QEMUIOVector;
void qemu_iovec_init(QEMUIOVector *qiov, int alloc_hint);
void qemu_iovec_init_external(QEMUIOVector *qiov, struct iovec *iov, int niov);
void qemu_iovec_add(QEMUIOVector *qiov, void *base, size_t len);
void qemu_iovec_concat(QEMUIOVector *dst,
QEMUIOVector *src, size_t soffset, size_t sbytes);
void qemu_iovec_concat_iov(QEMUIOVector *dst,
struct iovec *src_iov, unsigned int src_cnt,
size_t soffset, size_t sbytes);
void qemu_iovec_destroy(QEMUIOVector *qiov);
void qemu_iovec_reset(QEMUIOVector *qiov);
size_t qemu_iovec_to_buf(QEMUIOVector *qiov, size_t offset,
void *buf, size_t bytes);
size_t qemu_iovec_from_buf(QEMUIOVector *qiov, size_t offset,
const void *buf, size_t bytes);
size_t qemu_iovec_memset(QEMUIOVector *qiov, size_t offset,
int fillc, size_t bytes);
ssize_t qemu_iovec_compare(QEMUIOVector *a, QEMUIOVector *b);
void qemu_iovec_clone(QEMUIOVector *dest, const QEMUIOVector *src, void *buf);
bool buffer_is_zero(const void *buf, size_t len);
void qemu_progress_init(int enabled, float min_skip);
void qemu_progress_end(void);
void qemu_progress_print(float delta, int max);
const char *qemu_get_vm_name(void);
char *qemu_find_file(int type, const char *name);
/* OS specific functions */
void os_setup_early_signal_handling(void);
char *os_find_datadir(void);
void os_parse_cmd_args(int index, const char *optarg);
void os_pidfile_error(void);
/* Convert a byte between binary and BCD. */
static inline uint8_t to_bcd(uint8_t val)
return ((val / 10) << 4) | (val % 10);
static inline uint8_t from_bcd(uint8_t val)
return ((val >> 4) * 10) + (val & 0x0f);
/* compute with 96 bit intermediate result: (a*b)/c */
static inline uint64_t muldiv64(uint64_t a, uint32_t b, uint32_t c)
union {
uint64_t ll;
struct {
uint32_t high, low;
uint32_t low, high;
} l;
} u, res;
uint64_t rl, rh;
u.ll = a;
rl = (uint64_t)u.l.low * (uint64_t)b;
rh = (uint64_t)u.l.high * (uint64_t)b;
rh += (rl >> 32);
res.l.high = rh / c;
res.l.low = (((rh % c) << 32) + (rl & 0xffffffff)) / c;
return res.ll;
/* Round number down to multiple */
#define QEMU_ALIGN_DOWN(n, m) ((n) / (m) * (m))
/* Round number up to multiple */
#define QEMU_ALIGN_UP(n, m) QEMU_ALIGN_DOWN((n) + (m) - 1, (m))
static inline bool is_power_of_2(uint64_t value)
if (!value) {
return 0;
return !(value & (value - 1));
/* round down to the nearest power of 2*/
int64_t pow2floor(int64_t value);
#include "qemu/module.h"
* Implementation of ULEB128 (
* Input is limited to 14-bit numbers
int uleb128_encode_small(uint8_t *out, uint32_t n);
int uleb128_decode_small(const uint8_t *in, uint32_t *n);
/* unicode.c */
int mod_utf8_codepoint(const char *s, size_t n, char **end);
* Hexdump a buffer to a file. An optional string prefix is added to every line
void qemu_hexdump(const char *buf, FILE *fp, const char *prefix, size_t size);
/* vector definitions */
#ifdef __ALTIVEC__
#include <altivec.h>
/* The altivec.h header says we're allowed to undef these for
* C++ compatibility. Here we don't care about C++, but we
* undef them anyway to avoid namespace pollution.
#undef vector
#undef pixel
#undef bool
#define VECTYPE __vector unsigned char
#define SPLAT(p) vec_splat(vec_ld(0, p), 0)
#define ALL_EQ(v1, v2) vec_all_eq(v1, v2)
/* altivec.h may redefine the bool macro as vector type.
* Reset it to POSIX semantics. */
#define bool _Bool
#elif defined __SSE2__
#include <emmintrin.h>
#define VECTYPE __m128i
#define SPLAT(p) _mm_set1_epi8(*(p))
#define ALL_EQ(v1, v2) (_mm_movemask_epi8(_mm_cmpeq_epi8(v1, v2)) == 0xFFFF)
#define VECTYPE unsigned long
#define SPLAT(p) (*(p) * (~0UL / 255))
#define ALL_EQ(v1, v2) ((v1) == (v2))
static inline bool
can_use_buffer_find_nonzero_offset(const void *buf, size_t len)
* sizeof(VECTYPE)) == 0
&& ((uintptr_t) buf) % sizeof(VECTYPE) == 0);
size_t buffer_find_nonzero_offset(const void *buf, size_t len);
* helper to parse debug environment variables
int parse_debug_env(const char *name, int max, int initial);
const char *qemu_ether_ntoa(const MACAddr *mac);