blob: 4dc9b4acfacfc3fceb5e66cf14305794b92e52f1 [file] [log] [blame]
#ifndef BLOCK_H
#define BLOCK_H
#include "block/aio.h"
#include "qemu/iov.h"
#include "qemu/option.h"
#include "qemu/coroutine.h"
#include "block/accounting.h"
#include "block/dirty-bitmap.h"
#include "qapi/qmp/qobject.h"
#include "qapi-types.h"
#include "qemu/hbitmap.h"
// Avoid conflict with AndroidEmu function with the same name.
#define path_is_absolute qemu_path_is_absolute
/* block.c */
typedef struct BlockDriver BlockDriver;
typedef struct BlockJob BlockJob;
typedef struct BdrvChild BdrvChild;
typedef struct BdrvChildRole BdrvChildRole;
typedef struct BlockJobTxn BlockJobTxn;
typedef struct BlockDriverInfo {
/* in bytes, 0 if irrelevant */
int cluster_size;
/* offset at which the VM state can be saved (0 if not possible) */
int64_t vm_state_offset;
bool is_dirty;
* True if unallocated blocks read back as zeroes. This is equivalent
* to the LBPRZ flag in the SCSI logical block provisioning page.
bool unallocated_blocks_are_zero;
* True if the driver can optimize writing zeroes by unmapping
* sectors. This is equivalent to the BLKDISCARDZEROES ioctl in Linux
* with the difference that in qemu a discard is allowed to silently
* fail. Therefore we have to use bdrv_pwrite_zeroes with the
* BDRV_REQ_MAY_UNMAP flag for an optimized zero write with unmapping.
* After this call the driver has to guarantee that the contents read
* back as zero. It is additionally required that the block device is
* opened with BDRV_O_UNMAP flag for this to work.
bool can_write_zeroes_with_unmap;
* True if this block driver only supports compressed writes
bool needs_compressed_writes;
} BlockDriverInfo;
typedef struct BlockFragInfo {
uint64_t allocated_clusters;
uint64_t total_clusters;
uint64_t fragmented_clusters;
uint64_t compressed_clusters;
} BlockFragInfo;
typedef enum {
/* The BDRV_REQ_MAY_UNMAP flag is used to indicate that the block driver
* is allowed to optimize a write zeroes request by unmapping (discarding)
* blocks if it is guaranteed that the result will read back as
* zeroes. The flag is only passed to the driver if the block device is
* opened with BDRV_O_UNMAP.
BDRV_REQ_FUA = 0x10,
/* Mask of valid flags */
} BdrvRequestFlags;
typedef struct BlockSizes {
uint32_t phys;
uint32_t log;
} BlockSizes;
typedef struct HDGeometry {
uint32_t heads;
uint32_t sectors;
uint32_t cylinders;
} HDGeometry;
#define BDRV_O_RDWR 0x0002
#define BDRV_O_SNAPSHOT 0x0008 /* open the file read only and save writes in a snapshot */
#define BDRV_O_TEMPORARY 0x0010 /* delete the file after use */
#define BDRV_O_NOCACHE 0x0020 /* do not use the host page cache */
#define BDRV_O_NATIVE_AIO 0x0080 /* use native AIO instead of the thread pool */
#define BDRV_O_NO_BACKING 0x0100 /* don't open the backing file */
#define BDRV_O_NO_FLUSH 0x0200 /* disable flushing on this disk */
#define BDRV_O_COPY_ON_READ 0x0400 /* copy read backing sectors into image */
#define BDRV_O_INACTIVE 0x0800 /* consistency hint for migration handoff */
#define BDRV_O_CHECK 0x1000 /* open solely for consistency check */
#define BDRV_O_ALLOW_RDWR 0x2000 /* allow reopen to change from r/o to r/w */
#define BDRV_O_UNMAP 0x4000 /* execute guest UNMAP/TRIM operations */
#define BDRV_O_PROTOCOL 0x8000 /* if no block driver is explicitly given:
select an appropriate protocol driver,
ignoring the format layer */
#define BDRV_O_NO_IO 0x10000 /* don't initialize for I/O */
/* Option names of options parsed by the block layer */
#define BDRV_OPT_CACHE_WB "cache.writeback"
* Allocation status flags
* BDRV_BLOCK_DATA: data is read from a file returned by bdrv_get_block_status.
* BDRV_BLOCK_ZERO: sectors read as zero
* BDRV_BLOCK_OFFSET_VALID: sector stored as raw data in a file returned by
* bdrv_get_block_status.
* BDRV_BLOCK_ALLOCATED: the content of the block is determined by this
* layer (as opposed to the backing file)
* BDRV_BLOCK_RAW: used internally to indicate that the request
* was answered by the raw driver and that one
* should look in bs->file directly.
* If BDRV_BLOCK_OFFSET_VALID is set, bits 9-62 represent the offset in
* bs->file where sector data can be read from as raw data.
* DATA == 0 && ZERO == 0 means that data is read from backing_hd if present.
* t t t sectors read as zero, bs->file is zero at offset
* t f t sectors read as valid from bs->file at offset
* f t t sectors preallocated, read as zero, bs->file not
* necessarily zero at offset
* f f t sectors preallocated but read from backing_hd,
* bs->file contains garbage at offset
* t t f sectors preallocated, read as zero, unknown offset
* t f f sectors read from unknown file or offset
* f t f not allocated or unknown offset, read as zero
* f f f not allocated or unknown offset, read from backing_hd
#define BDRV_BLOCK_DATA 0x01
#define BDRV_BLOCK_ZERO 0x02
#define BDRV_BLOCK_RAW 0x08
typedef QSIMPLEQ_HEAD(BlockReopenQueue, BlockReopenQueueEntry) BlockReopenQueue;
typedef struct BDRVReopenState {
BlockDriverState *bs;
int flags;
QDict *options;
QDict *explicit_options;
void *opaque;
} BDRVReopenState;
* Block operation types
typedef enum BlockOpType {
} BlockOpType;
void bdrv_info_print(Monitor *mon, const QObject *data);
void bdrv_info(Monitor *mon, QObject **ret_data);
void bdrv_stats_print(Monitor *mon, const QObject *data);
void bdrv_info_stats(Monitor *mon, QObject **ret_data);
/* disk I/O throttling */
void bdrv_init(void);
void bdrv_init_with_whitelist(void);
bool bdrv_uses_whitelist(void);
BlockDriver *bdrv_find_protocol(const char *filename,
bool allow_protocol_prefix,
Error **errp);
BlockDriver *bdrv_find_format(const char *format_name);
int bdrv_create(BlockDriver *drv, const char* filename,
QemuOpts *opts, Error **errp);
int bdrv_create_file(const char *filename, QemuOpts *opts, Error **errp);
BlockDriverState *bdrv_new(void);
void bdrv_append(BlockDriverState *bs_new, BlockDriverState *bs_top);
void bdrv_replace_in_backing_chain(BlockDriverState *old,
BlockDriverState *new);
int bdrv_parse_cache_mode(const char *mode, int *flags, bool *writethrough);
int bdrv_parse_discard_flags(const char *mode, int *flags);
BdrvChild *bdrv_open_child(const char *filename,
QDict *options, const char *bdref_key,
BlockDriverState* parent,
const BdrvChildRole *child_role,
bool allow_none, Error **errp);
void bdrv_set_backing_hd(BlockDriverState *bs, BlockDriverState *backing_hd);
int bdrv_open_backing_file(BlockDriverState *bs, QDict *parent_options,
const char *bdref_key, Error **errp);
BlockDriverState *bdrv_open(const char *filename, const char *reference,
QDict *options, int flags, Error **errp);
BlockReopenQueue *bdrv_reopen_queue(BlockReopenQueue *bs_queue,
BlockDriverState *bs,
QDict *options, int flags);
int bdrv_reopen_multiple(BlockReopenQueue *bs_queue, Error **errp);
int bdrv_reopen(BlockDriverState *bs, int bdrv_flags, Error **errp);
int bdrv_reopen_prepare(BDRVReopenState *reopen_state,
BlockReopenQueue *queue, Error **errp);
void bdrv_reopen_commit(BDRVReopenState *reopen_state);
void bdrv_reopen_abort(BDRVReopenState *reopen_state);
int bdrv_read(BdrvChild *child, int64_t sector_num,
uint8_t *buf, int nb_sectors);
int bdrv_write(BdrvChild *child, int64_t sector_num,
const uint8_t *buf, int nb_sectors);
int bdrv_pwrite_zeroes(BdrvChild *child, int64_t offset,
int count, BdrvRequestFlags flags);
int bdrv_make_zero(BdrvChild *child, BdrvRequestFlags flags);
int bdrv_pread(BdrvChild *child, int64_t offset, void *buf, int bytes);
int bdrv_preadv(BdrvChild *child, int64_t offset, QEMUIOVector *qiov);
int bdrv_pwrite(BdrvChild *child, int64_t offset, const void *buf, int bytes);
int bdrv_pwritev(BdrvChild *child, int64_t offset, QEMUIOVector *qiov);
int bdrv_pwrite_sync(BdrvChild *child, int64_t offset,
const void *buf, int count);
int coroutine_fn bdrv_co_readv(BdrvChild *child, int64_t sector_num,
int nb_sectors, QEMUIOVector *qiov);
int coroutine_fn bdrv_co_writev(BdrvChild *child, int64_t sector_num,
int nb_sectors, QEMUIOVector *qiov);
* Efficiently zero a region of the disk image. Note that this is a regular
* I/O request like read or write and should have a reasonable size. This
* function is not suitable for zeroing the entire image in a single request
* because it may allocate memory for the entire region.
int coroutine_fn bdrv_co_pwrite_zeroes(BdrvChild *child, int64_t offset,
int count, BdrvRequestFlags flags);
BlockDriverState *bdrv_find_backing_image(BlockDriverState *bs,
const char *backing_file);
int bdrv_get_backing_file_depth(BlockDriverState *bs);
void bdrv_refresh_filename(BlockDriverState *bs);
int bdrv_truncate(BlockDriverState *bs, int64_t offset);
int64_t bdrv_nb_sectors(BlockDriverState *bs);
int64_t bdrv_getlength(BlockDriverState *bs);
int64_t bdrv_get_allocated_file_size(BlockDriverState *bs);
void bdrv_get_geometry(BlockDriverState *bs, uint64_t *nb_sectors_ptr);
void bdrv_refresh_limits(BlockDriverState *bs, Error **errp);
int bdrv_commit(BlockDriverState *bs);
int bdrv_change_backing_file(BlockDriverState *bs,
const char *backing_file, const char *backing_fmt);
void bdrv_register(BlockDriver *bdrv);
int bdrv_drop_intermediate(BlockDriverState *active, BlockDriverState *top,
BlockDriverState *base,
const char *backing_file_str);
BlockDriverState *bdrv_find_overlay(BlockDriverState *active,
BlockDriverState *bs);
BlockDriverState *bdrv_find_base(BlockDriverState *bs);
typedef struct BdrvCheckResult {
int corruptions;
int leaks;
int check_errors;
int corruptions_fixed;
int leaks_fixed;
int64_t image_end_offset;
BlockFragInfo bfi;
} BdrvCheckResult;
typedef enum {
} BdrvCheckMode;
int bdrv_check(BlockDriverState *bs, BdrvCheckResult *res, BdrvCheckMode fix);
/* The units of offset and total_work_size may be chosen arbitrarily by the
* block driver; total_work_size may change during the course of the amendment
* operation */
typedef void BlockDriverAmendStatusCB(BlockDriverState *bs, int64_t offset,
int64_t total_work_size, void *opaque);
int bdrv_amend_options(BlockDriverState *bs_new, QemuOpts *opts,
BlockDriverAmendStatusCB *status_cb, void *cb_opaque);
/* external snapshots */
bool bdrv_recurse_is_first_non_filter(BlockDriverState *bs,
BlockDriverState *candidate);
bool bdrv_is_first_non_filter(BlockDriverState *candidate);
/* check if a named node can be replaced when doing drive-mirror */
BlockDriverState *check_to_replace_node(BlockDriverState *parent_bs,
const char *node_name, Error **errp);
/* async block I/O */
BlockAIOCB *bdrv_aio_readv(BdrvChild *child, int64_t sector_num,
QEMUIOVector *iov, int nb_sectors,
BlockCompletionFunc *cb, void *opaque);
BlockAIOCB *bdrv_aio_writev(BdrvChild *child, int64_t sector_num,
QEMUIOVector *iov, int nb_sectors,
BlockCompletionFunc *cb, void *opaque);
BlockAIOCB *bdrv_aio_flush(BlockDriverState *bs,
BlockCompletionFunc *cb, void *opaque);
BlockAIOCB *bdrv_aio_pdiscard(BlockDriverState *bs,
int64_t offset, int count,
BlockCompletionFunc *cb, void *opaque);
void bdrv_aio_cancel(BlockAIOCB *acb);
void bdrv_aio_cancel_async(BlockAIOCB *acb);
/* sg packet commands */
int bdrv_ioctl(BlockDriverState *bs, unsigned long int req, void *buf);
BlockAIOCB *bdrv_aio_ioctl(BlockDriverState *bs,
unsigned long int req, void *buf,
BlockCompletionFunc *cb, void *opaque);
/* Invalidate any cached metadata used by image formats */
void bdrv_invalidate_cache(BlockDriverState *bs, Error **errp);
void bdrv_invalidate_cache_all(Error **errp);
int bdrv_inactivate_all(void);
/* Ensure contents are flushed to disk. */
int bdrv_flush(BlockDriverState *bs);
int coroutine_fn bdrv_co_flush(BlockDriverState *bs);
void bdrv_close_all(void);
void bdrv_drain(BlockDriverState *bs);
void coroutine_fn bdrv_co_drain(BlockDriverState *bs);
void bdrv_drain_all(void);
int bdrv_pdiscard(BlockDriverState *bs, int64_t offset, int count);
int bdrv_co_pdiscard(BlockDriverState *bs, int64_t offset, int count);
int bdrv_has_zero_init_1(BlockDriverState *bs);
int bdrv_has_zero_init(BlockDriverState *bs);
bool bdrv_unallocated_blocks_are_zero(BlockDriverState *bs);
bool bdrv_can_write_zeroes_with_unmap(BlockDriverState *bs);
int64_t bdrv_get_block_status(BlockDriverState *bs, int64_t sector_num,
int nb_sectors, int *pnum,
BlockDriverState **file);
int64_t bdrv_get_block_status_above(BlockDriverState *bs,
BlockDriverState *base,
int64_t sector_num,
int nb_sectors, int *pnum,
BlockDriverState **file);
int bdrv_is_allocated(BlockDriverState *bs, int64_t sector_num, int nb_sectors,
int *pnum);
int bdrv_is_allocated_above(BlockDriverState *top, BlockDriverState *base,
int64_t sector_num, int nb_sectors, int *pnum);
bool bdrv_is_read_only(BlockDriverState *bs);
bool bdrv_is_sg(BlockDriverState *bs);
bool bdrv_is_inserted(BlockDriverState *bs);
int bdrv_media_changed(BlockDriverState *bs);
void bdrv_lock_medium(BlockDriverState *bs, bool locked);
void bdrv_eject(BlockDriverState *bs, bool eject_flag);
const char *bdrv_get_format_name(BlockDriverState *bs);
BlockDriverState *bdrv_find_node(const char *node_name);
BlockDeviceInfoList *bdrv_named_nodes_list(Error **errp);
BlockDriverState *bdrv_lookup_bs(const char *device,
const char *node_name,
Error **errp);
bool bdrv_chain_contains(BlockDriverState *top, BlockDriverState *base);
BlockDriverState *bdrv_next_node(BlockDriverState *bs);
typedef struct BdrvNextIterator {
enum {
} phase;
BlockBackend *blk;
BlockDriverState *bs;
} BdrvNextIterator;
BlockDriverState *bdrv_first(BdrvNextIterator *it);
BlockDriverState *bdrv_next(BdrvNextIterator *it);
BlockDriverState *bdrv_next_monitor_owned(BlockDriverState *bs);
bool bdrv_is_encrypted(BlockDriverState *bs);
bool bdrv_key_required(BlockDriverState *bs);
int bdrv_set_key(BlockDriverState *bs, const char *key);
void bdrv_add_key(BlockDriverState *bs, const char *key, Error **errp);
int bdrv_query_missing_keys(void);
void bdrv_iterate_format(void (*it)(void *opaque, const char *name),
void *opaque);
const char *bdrv_get_node_name(const BlockDriverState *bs);
const char *bdrv_get_device_name(const BlockDriverState *bs);
const char *bdrv_get_device_or_node_name(const BlockDriverState *bs);
int bdrv_get_flags(BlockDriverState *bs);
int bdrv_write_compressed(BlockDriverState *bs, int64_t sector_num,
const uint8_t *buf, int nb_sectors);
int bdrv_get_info(BlockDriverState *bs, BlockDriverInfo *bdi);
ImageInfoSpecific *bdrv_get_specific_info(BlockDriverState *bs);
void bdrv_round_sectors_to_clusters(BlockDriverState *bs,
int64_t sector_num, int nb_sectors,
int64_t *cluster_sector_num,
int *cluster_nb_sectors);
void bdrv_round_to_clusters(BlockDriverState *bs,
int64_t offset, unsigned int bytes,
int64_t *cluster_offset,
unsigned int *cluster_bytes);
const char *bdrv_get_encrypted_filename(BlockDriverState *bs);
void bdrv_get_backing_filename(BlockDriverState *bs,
char *filename, int filename_size);
void bdrv_get_full_backing_filename(BlockDriverState *bs,
char *dest, size_t sz, Error **errp);
void bdrv_get_full_backing_filename_from_filename(const char *backed,
const char *backing,
char *dest, size_t sz,
Error **errp);
int bdrv_is_snapshot(BlockDriverState *bs);
int path_has_protocol(const char *path);
int path_is_absolute(const char *path);
void path_combine(char *dest, int dest_size,
const char *base_path,
const char *filename);
int bdrv_readv_vmstate(BlockDriverState *bs, QEMUIOVector *qiov, int64_t pos);
int bdrv_writev_vmstate(BlockDriverState *bs, QEMUIOVector *qiov, int64_t pos);
int bdrv_save_vmstate(BlockDriverState *bs, const uint8_t *buf,
int64_t pos, int size);
int bdrv_load_vmstate(BlockDriverState *bs, uint8_t *buf,
int64_t pos, int size);
void bdrv_img_create(const char *filename, const char *fmt,
const char *base_filename, const char *base_fmt,
char *options, uint64_t img_size, int flags,
Error **errp, bool quiet);
/* Returns the alignment in bytes that is required so that no bounce buffer
* is required throughout the stack */
size_t bdrv_min_mem_align(BlockDriverState *bs);
/* Returns optimal alignment in bytes for bounce buffer */
size_t bdrv_opt_mem_align(BlockDriverState *bs);
void *qemu_blockalign(BlockDriverState *bs, size_t size);
void *qemu_blockalign0(BlockDriverState *bs, size_t size);
void *qemu_try_blockalign(BlockDriverState *bs, size_t size);
void *qemu_try_blockalign0(BlockDriverState *bs, size_t size);
bool bdrv_qiov_is_aligned(BlockDriverState *bs, QEMUIOVector *qiov);
void bdrv_enable_copy_on_read(BlockDriverState *bs);
void bdrv_disable_copy_on_read(BlockDriverState *bs);
void bdrv_ref(BlockDriverState *bs);
void bdrv_unref(BlockDriverState *bs);
void bdrv_unref_child(BlockDriverState *parent, BdrvChild *child);
BdrvChild *bdrv_attach_child(BlockDriverState *parent_bs,
BlockDriverState *child_bs,
const char *child_name,
const BdrvChildRole *child_role);
bool bdrv_op_is_blocked(BlockDriverState *bs, BlockOpType op, Error **errp);
void bdrv_op_block(BlockDriverState *bs, BlockOpType op, Error *reason);
void bdrv_op_unblock(BlockDriverState *bs, BlockOpType op, Error *reason);
void bdrv_op_block_all(BlockDriverState *bs, Error *reason);
void bdrv_op_unblock_all(BlockDriverState *bs, Error *reason);
bool bdrv_op_blocker_is_empty(BlockDriverState *bs);
#define BLKDBG_EVENT(child, evt) \
do { \
if (child) { \
bdrv_debug_event(child->bs, evt); \
} \
} while (0)
void bdrv_debug_event(BlockDriverState *bs, BlkdebugEvent event);
int bdrv_debug_breakpoint(BlockDriverState *bs, const char *event,
const char *tag);
int bdrv_debug_remove_breakpoint(BlockDriverState *bs, const char *tag);
int bdrv_debug_resume(BlockDriverState *bs, const char *tag);
bool bdrv_debug_is_suspended(BlockDriverState *bs, const char *tag);
* bdrv_get_aio_context:
* Returns: the currently bound #AioContext
AioContext *bdrv_get_aio_context(BlockDriverState *bs);
* bdrv_set_aio_context:
* Changes the #AioContext used for fd handlers, timers, and BHs by this
* BlockDriverState and all its children.
* This function must be called with iothread lock held.
void bdrv_set_aio_context(BlockDriverState *bs, AioContext *new_context);
int bdrv_probe_blocksizes(BlockDriverState *bs, BlockSizes *bsz);
int bdrv_probe_geometry(BlockDriverState *bs, HDGeometry *geo);
void bdrv_io_plug(BlockDriverState *bs);
void bdrv_io_unplug(BlockDriverState *bs);
void bdrv_io_unplugged_begin(BlockDriverState *bs);
void bdrv_io_unplugged_end(BlockDriverState *bs);
* bdrv_drained_begin:
* Begin a quiesced section for exclusive access to the BDS, by disabling
* external request sources including NBD server and device model. Note that
* this doesn't block timers or coroutines from submitting more requests, which
* means block_job_pause is still necessary.
* This function can be recursive.
void bdrv_drained_begin(BlockDriverState *bs);
* bdrv_drained_end:
* End a quiescent section started by bdrv_drained_begin().
void bdrv_drained_end(BlockDriverState *bs);
void bdrv_add_child(BlockDriverState *parent, BlockDriverState *child,
Error **errp);
void bdrv_del_child(BlockDriverState *parent, BdrvChild *child, Error **errp);